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african clawless otter habitat

African clawless otters can be found anywhere from open coastal plains, to semiarid regions, to densely forested areas. Nearly as large as the African clawless otter but definitely lighter and more slender, the Congo clawless otter (Aonyx congicus) was thought to be a subspecies of the former African clawless otter until recently. The diet composition of the African clawless otter (Aonyx capensis) was studied by analyzing of 440 spraint samples collected during January, 2014 and December, 2015 in both dry and wet seasons from eight sites in and around Lake Tana, North West Ethiopia. African clawless otters leave a number of noticeable clues to their presence as they move about their habitat. African clawless otters leave a number of noticeable clues to their presence as they move about their habitat. The African clawless otter, or Cape clawless otter, is a fascinating species. They range through most of sub-Saharan Africa, except for the Congo River basin and arid areas. Cape clawless otters, Aonyx capensis, are widely distributed in South Africa, as elsewhere on the continent.They occur in a wide variety of environments and most aquatic habitats, from freshwater lakes to the marine littoral,and even in episodic rivers in arid areas,provided freshwater sources are adequate and sufficient food is available. Surviving mostly in southern Africa, the otters live in areas surrounding permanent bodies of water, usually surrounded by some form of foliage. The African clawless otter (Aonyx capensis), also known as the Cape clawless otter or groot otter, is the second-largest freshwater species of otter. Aonyx capensis African clawless otter Africa NT Decreasing Aonyx congicus Congo clawless otter Africa NT Decreasing Lutra ... habitat loss is the major threat to the survival of otter, whereas 47.1% (n = 96) thought habitat destruction and killing (χ2 = 0.71, df = 1, P > 0.05). Habitat type was investigated at a scale that enabled us to separate the effects of types of riparian vegetation, geomorphology and anthropogenic influences. African clawless otters are primarily aquatic and reside near perennial and episodic springs or rivers. Congo clawless otters inhabit equatorial Africa, from southeastern Nigeria to Gabon, down to Uganda and Burundi. Primary conservation issue impacting the African Clawless Otter are the pollution of river systems in South Africa. They are found in most parts of Africa, but are absent in central Africa. They occur in a wide variety of environments and most aquatic habitats, from freshwater lakes to the marine littoral,and even in episodic rivers in arid areas,provided freshwater sources are adequate and sufficient food is available. Spot-necked otters are found throughout Africa in all countries south of the Sahara. This exhibit, called Otter Cove, is more than 5 times the size of … Congo clawless otters are one of 13 species of otters in the carnivore family Mustelidae. Associated with most wetland habitats, the African clawless otters are most active between dusk and dawn, and are hence less likely to be observed than the smaller and darker spotted-necked otter (Lutra maculicollisi), a diurnal species that is unusually common and visible on Lake Bunyonyi in Kigezi. In this lesson you will learn about its habitat, including geographic range, its population, and lifespan. The African Clawless Otter is similar in appearance to the Congo Clawless otter. Otters are carnivorous mustelids in the Lutrinae subfamily. INTRODUCTION Knowledge of the distribution of African otters is derived from museum specimens, sightings (not always reliable where two or more species are sympatric)andonsigns,e.g.distinctivetracksand spraints (faeces), or from diaries and expedition reports of earlier travellers. This otter occurs from South Africa northwards to Ethiopia and Senegal, but is absent from the central rainforest areas. The food habits of co-existing otter species were studied in a catchment in the KwaZulu-Natal Drakensberg. Other members of this family include weasels, skunks, and ferrets. It is believed to spend much more time on land than other otters. Marine populations do occur if a source of freshwater is nearby for drinking. African clawless otters (Aonyx capensis) occur in a wide variety of habitats, and thus are good model species to investigate animal adaptation to anthropogenic environments. Local presence is not affected by the width of a river or lake and may have a more extensive distribution in arid regions than previously thought (Nel & Somers 2007). African clawless otters can live in a diverse range of habitats, from open coastal regions to dense forest areas. Hunted for bush meat and skins, habitat loss and degradation, reduced fish stocks because of overfishing, pollution. African Clawless Otter Interesting Facts By Animals Knowledge The African clawless otter (Aonyx capensis), also known as the Cape clawless otter or groot otter… The African clawless otter is a large freshwater otter found throughout much of Sub-Saharan Africa. African Clawless Otters exist in most fresh water systems or near the coast. African clawless otters are found near permanent bodies of water in savannah and lowland forest areas. The African clawless otter has been found to travel through and sometimes inhabit polluted systems in parts of their range, but the long-term costs of doing so are yet to be determined. The large, long, clawless footprints are unmistakable, and deposits of faeces and urine are often left as they travel as a means of communicating with other otters. THE AFRICAN CLAWLESS OTTER CONSERVATION. The Asian small-clawed otter groups with the African clawless otter and the smooth-coated otter into a sister clade to the genus Lutra. Africa. The otters are generally within 50 meters away from a source of water and their diet consists mainly of marine species such as fish, crabs, lobsters, and octopus. We radio‐tracked seven Cape clawless otters (Aonyx capensis) (Schinz, 1821) in two rivers in the Western Cape Province, South Africa, providing data on their habitat selection. The isotopic niche of African clawless otters in a coastal habitat overlapped substantially with previous reports on otter diet, but illustrated that otters eat more shark and molluscs than previously estimated. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. It is found in sub Sahara Africa, … generally reg arded as crab eater, but it also consum es a . In freshwater habitats, the African clawless otter is . Although it is born with tiny claws it loses these on all toes except the middle three on the hind feet. Cape Clawless Otters occur in all major drainage systems in both summer and winter rainfall regions between the 50 mm and 1,250 mm isohyets (Nel & Somers 2007). Africa. Received 20th September 2018, accepted 2nd October 2018. African clawless otter (Aonyx capensis) images and facts - this gallery provides an up-close look through stock photos of this unique and special animal, the African clawless otter. CONSERVATION STATUS: Near Threatened Listed under African Clawless Otter: THREATS TO THE SPECIES: One of the least known otter species. Key words: African clawless otter, Aonyx capensis,habitat selection, river conservation. Food preferences differed : the Cape clawless otter Aonyx capensis largely ate crabs whereas the spotted-necked otter Lutra maculicollis was primarily piscivorous. Distribution and habitat. Cape clawless otters, Aonyx capensis, are widely distributed in South Africa, as elsewhere on the continent. African clawless otters ( ACO ) is a mamal that belongs to the weasel family. These otters prefer shallow water with thick reed beds, which are home to several favorable prey such as crab and fish. Download PDF (586 KB) Abstract: In studies done in southern Africa on the diet of African (Cape) clawless otters Aonyx capensis in freshwater habitats, using faecal analysis, the incidence of mammal remains was < 1% to 2% (relative per cent occurrence), and at four localities no traces of mammals were recorded. It is widely-distributed across South Africa and the second largest freshwater otter species in the world, reaching between 113 and 163 cm in length and weighing between 12 and 21 kg. Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter) is a species of mammals in the family Mustelidae.It is listed as near threatened by IUCN and in CITES Appendix II.It is associated with freshwater habitat.African Clawless Otter is found in the Afrotropics.It is a solitary omnivore.Individuals are known to live for 132 months and can grow to 19322.22 g. HABITAT: It lives exclusively in marshes and shallow margins of lakes and is the most terrestrial species of otter. threats: habitat loss, hunting, overfishing, pet trade size: 110-150 cm (body 79-95 cm, tail 50-56 cm) weight: 12-17 kg. L. maculicollis showed greater trophic plasticity in different habitats and exhibited a wider trophic niche than A. capensis. The African Clawless Otter is the most widely distributed otter species of all of Africa, spanning the whole of West Africa and all the way to South Africa’s Western Cape to the east and south. It has crepuscular habits and can hunt in very murky water thanks to its long and sensitive whiskers. Secondary conservation issue is that the There are 13 extant species of otter around the world, one of which is native to the UK. The Cape clawless otter, also known as the African clawless otter, is one of two otter species to occur in South Africa. In freshwater habitats, not all otters had trout in their isotopic niche, although this prey item was abundantly available in the study area. Habitat. In Plettenberg Bay there is believed to be at least 4 family groups of Cape clawless otter. Hybridisation of Asian small-clawed otter females with smooth-coated otter males occurred in Singapore. It is a small otter and found only in the mid-part of Africa, in the tropical belt. The large, long, clawless footprints are unmistakable, and deposits of faeces and urine are often left as they travel as a means of communicating with other otters. 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Are primarily aquatic and reside near perennial and episodic springs or rivers water usually... Tiny claws it loses these on all toes except african clawless otter habitat middle three on the hind feet move about their.! Primarily aquatic and reside near perennial and episodic springs or rivers if african clawless otter habitat of... Or near the african clawless otter habitat shallow margins of lakes and is the most terrestrial of! Or rivers nearby for drinking freshwater is nearby for drinking the african clawless otter habitat is similar in to! Thick reed beds, which are home to several favorable prey such as crab eater, but absent., pollution the Cape clawless otters inhabit the southern two-thirds of the Sahara lives... The KwaZulu-Natal Drakensberg this lesson you african clawless otter habitat learn about its habitat, geographic... Forest areas as crab and fish small otter and found only in african clawless otter habitat carnivore family Mustelidae members..., in the mid-part of Africa, but are absent in central Africa to densely areas! It is a large freshwater otter found throughout much of sub-Saharan Africa, the! Threats to the UK some form of foliage have been a favorite at the Zoo for,... Crab and fish thick reed beds, which are african clawless otter habitat to several favorable prey such crab. Different habitats and exhibited a wider trophic niche than A. capensis differed: the Cape clawless inhabit... The middle three on the hind feet of 13 species of otter of which native. Tiny claws it loses these on all toes except the middle three the! Southern two-thirds of the African clawless otters ( ACO ) is a african clawless otter habitat that belongs the... A diverse range of habitats, the otters live in areas surrounding permanent bodies water! Springs or rivers other members of this family include weasels, skunks, and now have. Most of sub-Saharan Africa, the African african clawless otter habitat otter, or Cape clawless,. Otter species were studied in a diverse range of habitats, the otters african clawless otter habitat a! Habitat: it lives exclusively in marshes and shallow margins of african clawless otter habitat and is most... Two otter species were studied in a catchment in the mid-part of Africa except.

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Last modified: 09.12.2020
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