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Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium.Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and Chinese onion. Allium sativum L. GARLIC UPOV Species Code: ALLIU_SAT Adopted on 25/03/2004 . 1.3 FAMÍLIA Amaryllidaceae (2-5). Read more about the prescription drug GARLIC (Allium sativum L.) - ORAL. Black garlic (Allium sativum) was created from ordinary fresh garlic by processing (aging) it in a temperature (65-80°C)- and humidity (70-80%)-controlled room for a month. Maintenance of garlic (Allium sativum L.) genetic resources has had a long tradition in the Czech Republic. Fonte: Vieira (2012) (6). Medicinal The bulb is used after summer harvesting and drying. Because some cases associate paronychia, any therapy must target the fungus and the inflammation. The qualitative phytochemical screening of Allium sativum extracts is presented in table below (Table 2). The extensive list of constituents reflects the large amount of research carried out on this herb. It is the garlic universally used in cooking. Recent publications indicate that garlic extract has broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity against many genera of bacteria and fungi. Key words: Allium sativum L., Callus, Carbon Sources, Plant Growth Regulators, Somatic Embryos. Garlic has been cultivated in all over Iran for its characteristic flavor and medicinal properties (Zargari, 1997). It is native to Central Asia and northeastern Iran and has long been a common seasoning worldwide, with a history of several thousand years of human consumption and use. *Key to grades: A: Strong scientific evidence for this use; B: Good scientific evidence for this use; C: Unclear scientific evidence for this use; D: Fair scientific evidence against this use (it may not work); F: Strong scientific evidence against this use (it likely does not work). It is generally agreed that garlic evolved from the wild garlic A. longicuspis. Abstract. Box 1982, Dammam 31441, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. In this study, antimicrobial activities of two different samples of Allium sativum L. from Turkey (TR) (Taşköprü, Kastamonu, Turkey) and China (CN) were determined. Allium tuberosum species of garlic was found more potent (p<.05) than Allium sativum in reducing severity of atherosclerosis. Codex Ebers, an Egyptian medical papyrus dating to about 1550 B.C., Allium sativum L. contains Allicin that may help in inhibits gram-negative or gram-positive bacteria. Garlic's properties result … Garlic (Allium sativum) belongs to Liliaceae family.Plants belonging to this family are well known for their sulfur compounds besides phenolic substances. Facts. The RCSB PDB also provides a variety of tools and resources. Assessment report on Allium sativum L., bulbus EMA/HMPC/7686/2013 Page 4/75 1. This page was last edited on 30 January 2020, at 08:11. 2 S.A. Nasim et al. Obese mice were orally administered ASSE at doses of 100, 250 and 500 mg kg −1 body weight day −1 for 4 weeks.. Alliaceae) is one of the most researched and best-selling herbal products on the market. 156 Preparation of onion (Allium cepa Linn.) The exact origin of garlic is 1.2 SINONÍMIA BOTÂNICA Allium ophioscorodon Link, Allium pekinense Prokh., Porrum ophioscorodon (Link) Rchb., Porrum sativum (2-5). This study was designed to examine the potential health benefits of Allium sativum L. (garlic) stem extract (ASSE ) on obesity and related disorders in high‐fat diet‐induced obese mice. Allium sativum (garlic) has been recognized not only as a spice but also as a substance which exerts a control on microorganisms. Garlic (Allium sativum) belongs to the genus Allium of Alliaceae family. It is known that garlic (Allium sativum) possesses antimicrobial, antiprotozoal, antimutagenic, antiplatelet and antihyperlipidemic properties. The effects of the increasing dosages of A. sativum aqueous extracts on alloxan -induced diabetic Rattus novergicus for possible use in the management of diabetes mellitus was investigated. The heat-extracts of black garlic were rich in S-allyl-L-cysteine (SAC) and enforced anti-tumor BACKGROUND. Allium sativum L. is one of the plants that has been widely known by the public for a long time and is used as a traditional medicine, one of them as antiacne causes Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus epidermidis [1,2]. Table 2: Quantitative phytochemical screening of Allium sativum extract. PRE Evaluation Report -- Allium sativum Evaluation Overview A PRE™ screener conducted a literature review for this plant (Allium sativum) in an effort to understand the invasive history, reproductive strategies, and the impact, if any, on the region's native plants and animals. Cancer Cancer: Ingredients linked to cancer in government, industry or academic studies or assessments. Users can perform simple and advanced searches based on annotations relating to sequence, structure and function. E-mail: bahmanzahedi@gmail.com ˘˙˙ˇˆ ˘˘˘ˇ : : * ناﺮﻳا ﻲﻣﻮﺑ (Allium sativum L.) ﺮﻴﺳ يرﺎﺠﺗ هدﻮﺗ ود يزﺎﺳيرﺎﻋ ﻢﺘﺴﻳﺮﻣ ﺖﺸﻛ و ﻲﻧﺎﻣردﺎﻣﺮﮔ زا … Diabetes mellitus was induced in 54 out of a total of 63 Introduction 1.1. Conclusion: It can be concluded that Allium tuberosum species of garlic is a more potent hypolipidemic and antiatherosclerotic agent as compared to Allium sativum. Overview of comments received on European Union herbal monograph on Allium sativum L., bulbus EMA/HMPC/7685/2013) (PDF/98.28 KB) The active component (allicin) has been isolated and characterized. The collection was founded in 1951 and its current holder is the Crop Research Institute, Department of Vegetables and Special Crops in Olomouc. This perennial plant, most often grown as an annual, produces edible bulbs composed of a number of cloves. Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is a common spice with many health benefits, mainly due to its diverse bioactivecompounds, suchasorganicsulfides, saponins, phenoliccompounds, andpolysaccharides[1–3]. Also, it is widely used as a food ingredient--spice and aphrodisiac. allium sativum (garlic) bulb extract, allium sativum (garlic) extract, allium sativum extract, extract of allium sativum, extract of garlic, garlic extract, and garlic, ext. The collection consists of 613 genotypes. Garlic (Allium sativum L., Liliaceae) is a common spicy flavoring agent used since ancient times. Quantitatively, Alkaloid was found to be the abundant constituent making about 7.2 %, followed by Tannin and saponin constituting 4.8 % and 4.3 % respectively. Garlic has been used throughout history for both culinary and medicinal purposes. Medicinal plants represent an alternative for onychomycosis control. It is spread by the underground bulbs, by seeds and by bulbils that develop in the inflorescence. Rev. Bulb breaks into cloves. For centuries it was used as a traditional remedy for most health-related disorders. It has been used as a spice, food and folklore medicine for over 4000 years, and is the most widely researched medicinal plant (Milner 1996) [35]. CPVO-TP/162/1 Final Date: 25/03/2004 2 I SUBJECT OF THE PROTOCOL The protocol describes the technical procedures to be followed in order to meet the Council Regulation 2100/94 on Community Plant Variety Rights. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Trop. Consumer information about the medication GARLIC (Allium sativum L.) - ORAL, includes side effects, drug interactions, recommended dosages, and storage information. Allium sativum. Although garlic has been used for centuries, and even nowadays is part … All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Med. A close relative of the onion, garlic (Allium sativum) is an edible, bulbous plant that has been cultivated for several thousand years.It is more popular today than ever and, with over 600 sub-varieties available, there is ample room for gourmet garlic growers to carve out a niche. Allium Sativum (Garlic) Extract as Nontoxic Corrosion Inhibitor K. Rajam , 1 S. Rajendran , 2 , 3 and R. Saranya 4 1 Department of Chemistry, K. L. N College of … Although garlic has been used for its medicinal properties for thousands of years, investigations into its mode of action are relatively recent. Description of the herbal substance(s), herbal preparation(s) or combinations thereof The aim of this report is to assess the non -clinical and clinical data available on Allium sa tivum for preparing a European Union herbal monograph. These molecules are visualized, downloaded, and analyzed by users who range from students to specialized scientists. Garlic (Allium sativum) is among the oldest of all cultivated plants. Garlic is an herbal spice containing numerous macronutrients, vitamins, trace elements, and organosulfur compounds. As a member of the wwPDB, the RCSB PDB curates and annotates PDB data according to agreed upon standards. Garlic (Allium sativum L. fam. RESULTS Inst. nanoparticles using Allium sativum assay Mona S. Al-Ahmadi Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal, P. O. Anales de Biología 32, 2010 Introduction Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is an important and widely cultivated plant used as a food flavoring agent and it also has several medicinal applica- Sao Paulo, 53(3): 155-63, 2011. 1.4 FOTO DA PLANTA Figura 1- Bulbilhos e planta de Allium sativum. Garlic has a wide spectrum of actions; not only is it antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal and antiprotozoal, but it also has beneficial effects on the cardiovascular and immune systems. Onychomycosis is a major health problem due to its chronicity and resistance to therapy. - Therapeutic effects of Allium sativum and Allium cepa in Schistosoma mansoni experimental infection. Early studies in humans show no effect of garlic on gastric or duodenal ulcers. Allium sativum L.(2-5). Received 15 July, 2019; Accepted 26 August, 2019 One of the primary objectives in agriculture is providing high-quality crops to consumers. Cultivated garlic probably originates in central Asia, although the wild form is unknown. The oldest genotype was acquired in 1954. In the present work the antifungal and antioxidant activities of Alium sativum extract against Meyerozyma guilliermondii (Wick.) and garlic (Allium sativum Linn. Antioxidant properties of raw garlic (Allium sativum) extract Abstract: Garlic has been a favorite additive in food for many years in various cultures. MANTAWY, M.M. ; ALI, H.F. & RIZK, M.Z. Sulphur content gives garlic its familiar odour, and makes garlic chemically active. Garlic is commonly consumed and has a long history of being utilized as … Garlic, Allium sativum Garlic (Allium sativum) is one of the best known herbs around the world. Target the fungus and the inflammation key words: Allium sativum extracts presented... For both culinary and medicinal purposes Bulbilhos e PLANTA de Allium sativum L. fam extract has broad-spectrum antimicrobial against... ( 2012 ) ( 6 ) mg kg −1 body weight day −1 for weeks! 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