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civil war timeline 1862

Merrimac, into an iron-sided vessel rechristened the C.S.S. By the end of the day 26,000 men were wounded, missing , or dead. First Union attack on Vicksburg, the last major obstacle on the Mississippi. )August 9, Battle of C… The Civil War begins. U.S.-Dakota War, Battles at Fort Ridgely: August 20 and 22, 1862 Dakota forces attack the fort twice-on Aug. 20 and Aug. 22. Cedar Mountain confirmed that the main battle front had moved away from McClellan  in the peninsular and back into the area between Richmond and Washington. Jackson marches the rest of his army to join the force at Cross Keys, defeating part of a larger Union force. One of the main reasons historians feel resulted in several major Union failures. Union naval force under Farragut ran the defence of New Orleans and forced the surrender of the Confederacy’s largest city. February 9, 1861 • Seven states, having declared their secession from the Union, establish a Southern provisional government, the Confederate States of America. The Civil War begins. Despite this, McClellan continued to retreat. Timeline of the American Civil War: 1861, the outbreak of war and first Confederate victories He achieved the second objective. Confederate capture of a Union garrison during their invasion of Kentucky. 1862 On September 17th, 1862 General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Armies are stopped at Antietam in Maryland by many union forces and and McClellan. Federals threatened the Atlantic Coast at North Carolina, while Confederates began a counteroffensive in Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley.… are some of the questions that naturally come to anybody's mind. Civil War Timeline (Leslie's Illustrated History of the Civil War) November 6, 1860- Abraham Lincoln is elected sixteenth president of the United States, the first Republican president in the nation who represents a party that opposes the spread of slavery in the territories of the United States. April 12, 1861 • Confederate forces attack a Federal fort outside Charleston, South Carolina, at the Battle of Fort Sumter, beginning the American Civil War. The Confederates withdrew when it became clear that they were outnumbered three to one. In 1862, April 6th, the Battle of Shiloh struck and 24,000 troops in total died that day. Mar 8, 1862 Naval Battle The confederacy and the union faught in a naval battle on this day, The confederates sunk two of the unions wooded ships and then … Naval battle that saw the destruction of a small Confederate fleet on the North Carolina coast. What follows is the timeline of one of the worst years in the war itself. January 1862 — Abraham Lincoln Takes Action. September 17, 1862- The Battle of Antietam (or Sharpsburg), Maryland, the bloodiest single day of the Civil War. 1862 - A New Year No Less Bloody The second year of the American Civil War recorded such classic operations as the Henry-Donelson, Shenendoah, Missisiippi River and the Peninsular campaigns. Aug 29, 1862 Second battle of bull run Despite heavy Confederate casualties (9,000), the Battle of Second Bull Run (known as Second Manassas in the South) was a decisive victory for the rebels, as Lee had managed a strategic offensive against an enemy force (Pope and … This was the year that the war really became an all out war as Lincoln realized that he had to take action against the South in a way he never thought imaginable. 15-18 June 1864: Battle of Petersburg, Virginia . Confederate forces on the important Mississippi fort surrender almost without fighting. Grant recorded his earliest victories of the war in the taking of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in Tennessee during February of 1862. timeline 1862 January 31, 1862 - President Lincoln issues General War order #1 calling for all U.S. naval and land forces to begin a general advance by Feb. 22nd, George Washington's birthday. The battle disrupted General Fremont’s plan to attack south into Eastern Tennessee. timeline 1862 January 31, 1862 - President Lincoln issues General War order #1 calling for all U.S. naval and land forces to begin a general advance by Feb. 22nd, George Washington's birthday. Burnside’s first offensive ends in a crushing defeat when he foolishly attacked the main Confederate army in their fortified position at Fredericksburg. Click on the 1862 triangle symbol on the left sidebar to view the Civil War timeline for the second year of the Civil War. Get access to key details that marked this point in history. Sibley abandons the idea of taking the fort and moves toward Santa Fe. 1854. 12-16 February 1862: Siege of Fort Donelson, Tennessee. 1861. With Lee’s ascent the Army of the Potomac found itself repeatedly battered. Help - F.A.Q. Failed Confederate attempt to recapture Baton Rouge, defeated in part by Union gunboats on the river. A much needed Union victory that turned back Lee’s invasion of Maryland, leading indirectly to the issuing of the Emancipation Proclamation and dramatically reduced any chance that Britain would recognise the Confederacy. 1862. 29 March-26 April 1862: Siege of Fort Macon, North Carolina. Feb 8, 1862. SEPTEMBER 1862 (Antietam)- On September 17, Confederate forces under General Lee were caught by General McClellan near Sharpsburg, Maryland. The North didn’t have enough ships to block the entire 3,500 mile south coastline. - Cookies, Battle of Fair Oaks/ Seven Pines, Virginia, Battle of Glendale/ Frayser’s Farm/ White Oak Swamp, Confederate capture of Munfordville, Kentucky. Alabamians came to identify themselves not as Americans but as southerners, fiercely loyal to their Lost Cause. On January 27, President Lincoln issued a war order authorizing the Union to launch a unified aggressive action against the Confederacy. August 29-30,1862…“SECOND BATTLE OF BULL RUN” as the Federals under General John Pope are defeated. In January of 1862 Lincoln realized that this war needed some serious action to be taken. Sluggish Union victory in the campaign that led to Antietam. The year 1862 marked a major turning point in the war, especially the war in the East, as Lee took command of the Confederate army, which he promptly renamed the Army of Northern Virginia. 19 April 1862: Battle of South Mills . First fighting of the Seven Days, triggered by McClellan’s only offensive move, a probing reconnaissance. An unimpressive Confederate attack launched by Stonewall Jackson that still achieved its main aim of making sure that the Union army was in place for the upcoming Second battle of Bull Run. This battle lasted two days with some of the most bitter, bloody fights of the war. May 2, 1862: Death of writer and naturalist Henry David Thoreau, author of Walden. Fort Sumter after its capture, showing damage from the Rebel bombardment of over 3000 shells and now flying the Rebel "Stars and Bars" - April 14, 1861. Confederate gun batteries repulse a Union fleet attempting to reach Richmond. Another unsuccessful confederate attack during the Seven Days’ Battle. General A.S. Johnson, the Confederate commander, was killed during the battle. General Robert E. Lee withdraws to Virginia. Another Confederate attack that achieved its main aim, but at a high cost. Naval battle that saw the defeat of the Confederate fleet guarding Memphis and the Union capture of the city. This site will be updated each week as we progress through the 150th anniversary of this tragic war. McClellan moves his army to the tip of the peninsular between the James and York rivers, intending to bypass the Confederate lines and attack Richmond from the east. The battles in these 7 days were Mechanicsville, Graines Mill, Savage Station, Frayser's Farm, and Malvern Hill. Apply for and manage the VA benefits and services you’ve earned as a Veteran, Servicemember, or family member—like health care, disability, education, and more. Failed Confederate attack on the Union army withdrawing from Richmond towards the James River. Battle between Rosecrans’ army from Nashville and Bragg’s Confederate Army of Tennessee. Timeline of events related to The Civil War in America exhibition at the Library of Congress. Lincoln finally replaces McClellan with General Burnside, much to Burnside’s distress. 8 May 1862: Battle of McDowell (Shenandoah Valley), Virginia. At the beginning of the Civil War, Miller entered the United States Army as captain of the 1st Missouri Infantry, and later the 1st Missouri Light Artillery. New Berne remained in Union hands for the rest of the war. Blame falls on General Fitz-John Porter for holding troops in reserve too long. Over 720,000 of our citizens would perish in … A clear Union victory. Bloodiest cavalry battle of the war, between a raiding force under Sheridan and Wade Hampton’s confederate cavalry. 1862- War at sea Before the battle of Bull Run Lincoln ordered a blockade for the southern ports. September 17, 1862 is the bloodiest day in U.S. history as Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate troops were stopped in Maryland in Antietam by McClellan and lots of the Union forces. Feb. 2 Reports of military encounters, now including a naval skirmish near Savannah, Defeat of a Confederate attack intended to help General Bragg’s invasion of Kentucky. Seven Days’ Battles. Aftermath of Second Bull Run. Union forces drive Confederate garrison out of New Madrid. 14 March 1862: Battle of New Berne, North Carolina, Second Union success during the Burnside expedition on the North Carolina coast. Following the Union victory, President Lincoln will introduce the Emancipation Proclamation, an executive order that freed every slave in the Confederate States. September 17, 1862 is the bloodiest day in U.S. history as Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate troops were stopped in Maryland in Antietam by McClellan and lots of the Union forces. A timeline of events during The Civil War. Civil War TimeLine 1862 Timeline created by Trash Panda. The Confederate ironclad USS Merrimack battles the Union ironclad USS Monitor in Chesapeake Bay. The battles in these 7 days were Mechanicsville, Graines Mill, Savage Station, Frayser's Farm, and Malvern Hill. By night, 26,000 men were dead, wounded, or missing. Contents. M15-JANUARY 1862; M16-FEBRUARY 1862; M17-MARCH 1862; M18-APRIL 1862; M19-MAY 1862; M20-JUNE 1862; M21-JULY 1862; M22-AUGUST 1862; M23-SEPTEMBER 1862; M24-OCTOBER 1862; M25-NOVEMBER 1862; M26-DECEMBER 1862; 1863. Another Confederate victory on the same ground, against a much larger, but very badly handled Union army. 8 March saw the confederates launch the first ironclad battleship, which threatened to destroy the Union army, but on the next day the Federal ironclad appeared, and held off the Confederates.

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Last modified: 09.12.2020